Jaw Tumor and Cyst Surgery
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons at UCSF Medical Center evaluate, diagnose and treat the full spectrum of cysts and tumors in and around the jaw and structures of the teeth. These include benign tumors and cysts, which are non-cancerous; those that are aggressive and growing, with the potential to become cancerous; and tumors that are malignant, meaning that they are cancerous. Our oral and maxillofacial surgeons also treat oral cancer, severe infections of the oral cavity, salivary glands, jaw and neck.
Because the mouth and jaws are composed of many different types of tissues, such as bone, muscle, glands and mucosa (the tissue that covers the cheeks, lips and gums), they are more susceptible to developing abnormal growths than other parts of the body.
Although tumors and cysts of the jaw can affect anyone, a number of risk factors have been identified that increase a person's chance of developing them. The main risk factors are tobacco and alcohol use. Others include poor oral hygiene, irritation caused by ill-fitting dentures, rough surfaces on teeth and poor nutrition.
Advanced diagnosis and treatment
The Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota includes a full range of diagnostic, outpatient and inpatient services. Mayo Clinic patients have access to the latest imaging and diagnostic tools available. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon will usually oversee your care at Mayo.
Treatment options for jaw tumors and cysts vary, depending on the type of lesion you have, the lesion's stage of growth and your symptoms. In rare cases, medications may help, but treatment usually requires surgical management.
A pathologist examines the removed tissue during surgery and reports a diagnosis during the procedure so that the surgeon can act on this information immediately.
Examples of jaw tumors and cysts treated at Face and Dental Clinic include:
● Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor
● Aneurysmal bone cyst
● Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor
● Central giant cell granuloma
● Dentigerous cyst
● Odontogenic keratocyst
● Odontogenic myxoma
● Ossifying fibroma
● Squamous odontogenic tumor
Facial and jaw cysts and tumors often do not have any symptoms. They are usually discovered during routine examinations or on routine radiographs. When they do cause symptoms, they typically present as a non-painful bump or lump. However, in some cases they can become painful.
Diagnosis and Treatment
If a cyst or tumor has been diagnosed or suspected based on physical examination or radiographs, Drs. Orentlicher and Horowitz may use several different modalities to further evaluate the process. Definitive treatment will depend on the exact microscopic diagnosis. Drs. Orentlicher and Horowitz are experts in managing and treating these processes and are available to discuss any and all treatment options.