Dental splints, also called occlusal splints, include bite plates and mouth guards. They are custom-made by a dentist. They are typically made of clear plastic. They fit between and over the upper and lower teeth. 

Splints are worn mostly at night, because people tend to clench or grind their teeth during sleep. It may not be easy to get used to wearing and caring for your splint, but it is an important treatment that may last for 3 months or more.

In cases of disc displacement and muscle spasm, you may be advised to wear a splint during the day and at night for about 2 weeks, and then only at night during times of stress and pain. This may allow a displaced disc to return to its normal position. 

Teeth Splint Technique

In a relatively new technique for dental splinting mobile teeth a fibre reinforced composite periodontal splint stabilizes the mobile teeth and ensures a more comfortable chewing function for the patient.

In this technique, glass fibre strands embedded into a polymer bis GMA matrix (resin) are used to reinforce the composite white filling material, which splints the mobile teeth together. The glass fibre bundles are embedded into the same matrix as is found in the composite (white filling) material and true bonding is obtained between the fibres and the composite filling material. The bond obtained between composite resins and etched enamel is the strongest bond possible in the oral cavity.

The elasticity of the fibres is beneficial to the healing of the supportive dental tissue. A fibre splint constructed in this way will form a reliable integrated structure which will give a potentially long term solution to the problem of mobile teeth. The fibres are transparent and unnoticeable when covered with the tooth coloured composite filling material. It is therefore possible to create an aesthetically pleasing splint on the inside of the mobile teeth.

Splinting of Teeth

Splinting is a technique used to stabilize teeth which have become loose as a result of losing the supporting bone around them to gum disease. 

Excessive mobility can cause discomfort when biting and eating.

We will tell you if your teeth are mobile enough to require splinting. Another factor that comes into play is the status of the gum disease. If you have active disease, and the bone around the teeth is softened from inflammation, simply bringing the disease under control through other types of periodontal disease management can make the teeth less mobile.

A fibre ribbon splint is usually used, which is tooth coloured and very comfortable.

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